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LeoGlossary: Expense

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Expenses are costs incurred by a business or individual to produce goods or services. They can be classified into two main categories:

  • Operating expenses: These are the expenses that are incurred in the day-to-day operation of a business. They include expenses such as rent, utilities, salaries, and marketing.
  • Non-operating expenses: These are expenses that are not directly related to the day-to-day operation of a business. They include expenses such as interest on debt and taxes.

Expenses can also be classified as either fixed or variable costs.

  • Fixed costs: These are costs that remain the same regardless of the level of production or activity. They include expenses such as rent and insurance.
  • Variable costs: These are costs that change depending on the level of production or activity. They include expenses such as raw materials and labor.

Expenses are an important part of any business. By understanding and tracking expenses, businesses can identify areas where they can cut costs and improve their profitability.

Here are some examples of common expenses:

Operating expenses:

  • Rent
  • Utilities
  • Salaries
  • Marketing
  • Insurance
  • Office supplies
  • Travel expenses

Non-operating expenses:

  • Interest on debt

  • Taxes

  • Depreciation

  • Amortization

Individuals also have expenses. These expenses can include things like:

It is important to track expenses in order to create a budget and reach financial goals. By understanding where your money is going, you can make informed decisions about how to spend it.

An expense can also be looked at as such:

A cost of operations that a company incurs to generate revenue.

Accountants use two ways to record expenses:

  • Cash basis - record transaction when payment ("cash") is received
  • Accrual basis - record transaction when it occurs

This is an item that is on the Income Statement.

General:

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