- Operating expenses: These are the expenses that are incurred in the day-to-day operation of a business. They include expenses such as rent, utilities, salaries, and marketing.
- Non-operating expenses: These are expenses that are not directly related to the day-to-day operation of a business. They include expenses such as interest on debt and taxes.
Expenses can also be classified as either fixed or variable costs.
- Fixed costs: These are costs that remain the same regardless of the level of production or activity. They include expenses such as rent and insurance.
- Variable costs: These are costs that change depending on the level of production or activity. They include expenses such as raw materials and labor.
Expenses are an important part of any business. By understanding and tracking expenses, businesses can identify areas where they can cut costs and improve their profitability.
Here are some examples of common expenses:
- Office supplies
- Travel expenses
Interest on debt
Individuals also have expenses. These expenses can include things like:
- Housing costs: Rent or mortgage, property taxes, utilities
- Food and dining
- Personal care
- Savings and investments
- Debt payments
An expense can also be looked at as such:
A cost of operations that a company incurs to generate revenue.
Accountants use two ways to record expenses:
- Cash basis - record transaction when payment ("cash") is received
- Accrual basis - record transaction when it occurs
This is an item that is on the Income Statement.
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