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LeoGlossary: Movie (Film)

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A movie, also called a motion picture or film, is a work of visual art that tells a story through moving images. Movies are typically created by recording a series of images on film or digitally, and then projecting them onto a screen in rapid succession. This creates the illusion of movement, and allows the filmmaker to tell a story in a way that is both visually and emotionally engaging.

Movies can be fiction or non-fiction, and they can be created for a variety of purposes, including entertainment, education, and propaganda. Movies can be short or long, and they can be made with a wide range of budgets.

Here are some of the key elements of a movie:

  • Story: The story is the core of any movie. It is what drives the plot, introduces the characters, and creates the conflict.
  • Characters: The characters are the people who inhabit the story world. They can be realistic or fictional, and they can be complex or simple.
  • Setting: The setting is the time and place in which the story takes place. It can be real or imaginary, and it can play an important role in the story.
  • Plot: The plot is the sequence of events that takes place in the story. It is typically driven by the characters' actions and goals.
  • Dialogue: The dialogue is the spoken conversation between the characters. It can be used to reveal character, advance the plot, or create humor.
  • Cinematography: The cinematography is the art of photographing and assembling moving images. It can be used to create different moods and atmospheres, and to tell the story in a visually compelling way.
  • Editing: The editing is the process of assembling the footage shot by the cinematographer. It is used to create the final rhythm and flow of the movie.
  • Music and sound effects: Music and sound effects can be used to enhance the emotional impact of a movie, and to create a sense of realism.

Movies can be a powerful and moving experience. They can transport us to different worlds, introduce us to new characters, and teach us about different cultures. Movies can also make us laugh, cry, and think. They are a truly unique and powerful art form.

Origins

The origins of movies can be traced back to the late 19th century, when a number of inventors developed devices that could capture and project moving images. Some of the earliest pioneers of cinema include:

  • Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904): Muybridge was a British photographer who developed the zoopraxiscope, a device that could project moving images in rapid succession.
  • Étienne-Jules Marey (1838-1904): Marey was a French scientist who developed the chronophotographic gun, a camera that could take up to 12 frames per second.
  • Thomas Edison (1847-1931): Edison invented the kinetoscope, a peep show device that could show moving images to one person at a time.
  • Auguste and Louis Lumière (1862-1954): The Lumière brothers invented the cinématographe, a device that could capture, project, and print moving images.
  • The Lumière brothers are credited with the first public screening of movies, which took place on December 28, 1895 in Paris, France. The program included a number of short films, such as Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat and Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory.

In the early years of cinema, movies were mostly short and silent yet as technology improved, movies became longer and more complex. The first feature-length film, The Story of the Kelly Gang, was released in Australia in 1906.

The introduction of sound in the late 1920s revolutionized the movie industry. The first "talkie", The Jazz Singer, was released in 1927. Sound films quickly became the norm, and silent films were phased out.

The 1930s and 1940s are often referred to as the Golden Age of Hollywood. During this time, the major studios produced a number of classic films, such as Gone with the Wind, Casablanca, and Citizen Kane.

The 1950s and 1960s saw the rise of new genres of film, such as science fiction, horror, and spaghetti westerns. During this time, there was also a growing movement of independent filmmakers who were creating more experimental and challenging films.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Hollywood blockbusters became increasingly popular. These films were typically big-budget productions with special effects and star-studded casts. Some of the most popular blockbusters from this era include Star Wars, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, and Jurassic Park.

Movies have come a long way since the days of the Lumière brothers. Today, they are a global entertainment industry that produces thousands of films each year. It is now an industry that generates billions of dollars in revenue.

For much of the last century, this industry was dominated by Hollywood. This became the epicenter for both film and television production. While New York enjoyed some of the latter. the majority of films (close to 90% at one point), were produced by Hollywood film studios.

Genres

Here is a list of the more common genres:

  • Action: films that feature exciting and suspenseful scenes of violence and conflict. Examples of action films include Top Gun, Mission: Impossible, and Mad Max: Fury Road.

  • Adventure: films that feature characters embarking on exciting and dangerous journeys. Examples of adventure films include The Lord of the Rings trilogy, Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, and Indiana Jones and Raiders of the Lost Ark.

  • Comedy: films that are designed to make the audience laugh. Examples of comedy films include Bridesmaids, The Hangover, and Monty Python and the Holy Grail

  • Drama: films that explore serious and emotional themes. Examples of drama films are Nomadland, Parasite, and The Shawshank Redemption.

  • Fantasy: films that feature magical elements and supernatural creatures. Examples of fantasy films include The Lord of the Rings trilogy, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, and Avatar.

  • Horror: films that are designed to scare the audience. Examples of horror films include The Shining, The Exorcist, and Alien

  • Mystery: films that feature a puzzle or enigma that needs to be solved. Examples of mystery films include Knives Out, The Maltese Falcon, and The Sixth Sense

  • Romance: films that focus on romantic relationships. Examples of romance films include The Notebook, Titanic, and Casablanca.

  • Science fiction: films that feature futuristic or fantastical [echnologies). Examples of science fiction films include 2001: A Space Odyssey, Blade Runner, and Star Wars: A New Hope.

  • Thriller: films that are designed to keep the audience in suspense. Examples of thriller films include Se7en, The Silence of the Lambs, and Gone Girl.

  • Western: films set on the American frontier and tend to be based between 1849 and 1890. They can be from periods outside this range although this is the primary focus of this genre. Examples of westerns include Unforgiven, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, and The Outlaw Josey Wales.

Top 10 Grossing Movies (All Time)

This is a list of the top hits at the box office.

RankFilmRevenueYr of Release
1Avatar$2,923,706,0262009
2Avengers: Endgame$2,797,501,3282019
3Avatar: The Way of Water$2,320,250,2812022
4Titanic$2,257,844,5541997
5Star Wars: The Force Awakens$2,068,223,6242015
6Avengers: Infinity War$2,048,359,7542018
7Spider-Man: No Way Home$1,921,847,1112021
8Jurassic World$1,671,537,4442015
9The Lion King$1,656,943,3942019
10The Avengers$1,518,815,5152012

American Film Institute (AFI) Top 100 Films

FilmRelease yearDirectorProduction companies1998 Rank2007 Rank
Citizen Kane1941Orson WellesRKO Radio Pictures11
Casablanca1942Michael CurtizWarner Bros. Pictures23
The Godfather1972Francis Ford CoppolaParamount Pictures, Alfran Productions32
Gone with the Wind1939Victor FlemingSelznick International Pictures46
Lawrence of Arabia1962David LeanHorizon Pictures57
The Wizard of Oz1939Victor FlemingMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer610
The Graduate1967Mike NicholsLawrence Turman717
On the Waterfront1954Elia KazanHorizon-American Pictures819
Schindler's List1993Steven SpielbergAmblin Entertainment98
Singin' in the Rain1952Gene Kelly, Stanley DonenMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer105
It's a Wonderful Life1946Frank CapraLiberty Pictures1120
Sunset Boulevard1950Billy WilderParamount Pictures1216
The Bridge on the River Kwai1957David LeanHorizon-American Pictures1336
Some Like It Hot1959Billy WilderAshton Productions, The Mirisch Company1422
Star Wars1977George LucasLucasfilm1513
All About Eve1950Joseph L. Mankiewicz20th Century-Fox1628
The African Queen1951John HustonHorizon Enterprises, Romulus Films1765
Psycho1960Alfred HitchcockShamley Productions1814
Chinatown1974Roman PolanskiLong Road Productions1921
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest1975Miloš FormanFantasy Films2033
The Grapes of Wrath1940John Ford20th Century-Fox2123
2001: A Space Odyssey1968Stanley KubrickMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer2215
The Maltese Falcon1941John HustonWarner Bros. Pictures2331
Raging Bull1980Martin ScorseseChartoff-Winkler Productions244
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial1982Steven SpielbergUniversal Pictures, Amblin Entertainment2524
Dr. Strangelove1964Stanley KubrickHawk Films, Polaris Productions2639
Bonnie and Clyde1967Arthur PennTatira-Hiller Productions2742
Apocalypse Now1979Francis Ford CoppolaOmni Zoetrope2830
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington1939Frank CapraColumbia Pictures2926
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre1948John HustonWarner Bros. Pictures3038
Annie Hall1977Woody AllenUnited Artists3135
The Godfather Part II1974Francis Ford CoppolaThe Coppola Company3232
High Noon1952Fred ZinnemannStanley Kramer Productions3327
To Kill a Mockingbird1962Robert MulliganPakula-Mulligan Productions, Brentwood Productions3425
It Happened One Night1934Frank CapraColumbia Pictures3546
Midnight Cowboy1969John SchlesingerJerome Hellman Productions3643
The Best Years of Our Lives1946William WylerSamuel Goldwyn Productions3737
Double Indemnity1944Billy WilderParamount Pictures3829
Doctor Zhivago1965David LeanCarlo Ponti Productions39-
North by Northwest1959Alfred HitchcockMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer4055
West Side Story1961Robert Wise, Jerome RobbinsBeta Productions, The Mirisch Company, Seven Arts Productions, B & P Enterprises4151
Rear Window1954Alfred HitchcockParamount Pictures, Patron4248
King Kong1933Merian C. CooperRKO Radio Pictures4341
The Birth of a Nation1915D. W. GriffithDavid W. Griffith Corp.44-
A Streetcar Named Desire1951Elia KazanWarner Bros. Pictures, Charles K. Feldman Productions4547
A Clockwork Orange1971Stanley KubrickPolaris Productions, Hawk Films4670
Taxi Driver1976Martin ScorseseB & P Enterprises, Italo-Judeo4752
Jaws1975Steven SpielbergUniversal Pictures, Zanuck/Brown Company4856
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs1937David Hand, et al.Walt Disney Productions4934
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid1969George Roy HillCampanile Productions5073
The Philadelphia Story1940George CukorMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer5144
From Here to Eternity1953Fred ZinnemannColumbia Pictures52-
Amadeus1984Miloš FormanThe Saul Zaentz Company53-
All Quiet on the Western Front1930Lewis MilestoneUniversal Pictures54-
The Sound of Music1965Robert WiseArgyle Enterprises, 20th Century-Fox5540
MASH1970Robert AltmanAspen Productions5654
The Third Man1949Carol ReedLondon Film Productions57-
Fantasia1940Walt DisneyWalt Disney Productions58-
Rebel Without a Cause1955Nicholas RayWarner Bros. Pictures59-
Raiders of the Lost Ark1981Steven SpielbergLucasfilm6066
Vertigo1958Alfred HitchcockAlfred J. Hitchcock Productions, Paramount Pictures619
Tootsie1982Sydney PollackMirage Enterprises, Punch Productions, Columbia Pictures, Delphi Productions6269
Stagecoach1939John FordWalter Wanger Productions63-
Close Encounters of the Third Kind1977Steven SpielbergColumbia Pictures, EMI64-
The Silence of the Lambs1991Jonathan DemmeStrong Heart Productions6574
Network1976Sidney LumetMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer, United Artists6664
The Manchurian Candidate1962John FrankenheimerM. C. Productions67-
An American in Paris1951Vincente MinnelliMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer68-
Shane1953George StevensParamount Pictures6945
The French Connection1971William FriedkinD'Antoni Productions7093
Forrest Gump1994Robert ZemeckisThe Tisch Company7176
Ben-Hur1959William WylerMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer72100
Wuthering Heights1939William WylerSamuel Goldwyn Productions73-
The Gold Rush1925Charlie ChaplinCharles Chaplin Productions7458
Dances with Wolves1990Kevin CostnerTIG Productions, Majestic Films International75-
City Lights1931Charlie ChaplinCharles Chaplin Productions7611
American Graffiti1973George LucasCoppola Co., Lucasfilm7762
Rocky1976John G. AvildsenChartoff-Winkler Productions7857
The Deer Hunter1978Michael CiminoEMI7953
The Wild Bunch1969Sam PeckinpahPhil Feldman Productions, Warner Bros.-Seven Arts8079
Modern Times1936Charlie ChaplinCharles Chaplin Film Corp.8178
Giant1956George StevensWarner Bros. Pictures82-
Platoon1986Oliver StoneHemdale Film Corporation8386
Fargo1996Joel CoenWorking Title Films84-
Duck Soup1933Leo McCareyParamount Productions8560
Mutiny on the Bounty1935Frank LloydMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer86-
Frankenstein1931James WhaleUniversal Pictures87-
Easy Rider1969Dennis HopperThe Pando Company, Raybert Productions8884
Patton1970Franklin J. Schaffner20th Century-Fox89-
The Jazz Singer1927Alan CroslandWarner Bros. Pictures, The Vitaphone Corp.90-
My Fair Lady1964George CukorWarner Bros. Pictures91-
A Place in the Sun1951George StevensParamount Pictures92-
The Apartment1960Billy WilderThe Mirisch Company9380
Goodfellas1990Martin ScorseseWarner Bros. Pictures, Irwin Winkler Productions9492
Pulp Fiction1994Quentin TarantinoA Band Apart, Jersey Films9594
The Searchers1956John FordC. V. Whitney Pictures9612
Bringing Up Baby1938Howard HawksRKO Radio Pictures9788
Unforgiven1992Clint EastwoodThe Malpaso Company9868
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner1967Stanley KramerColumbia Pictures99-
Yankee Doodle Dandy1942Michael CurtizWarner Bros. Pictures10098
The General1926Buster KeatonBuster Keaton Productions, Joseph M. Schenck Productions-18
Intolerance1916D. W. GriffithReliance-Majestic Studios-49
The Fellowship of the Ring2001Peter JacksonNew Line Cinema, WingNut Films-50
Nashville1975Robert AltmanABC Motion Pictures-59
Sullivan's Travels1941Preston SturgesParamount Pictures-61
Cabaret1972Bob FosseABC Pictures, Allied Artists-63
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?1966Mike NicholsWarner Bros.-67
Saving Private Ryan1998Steven SpielbergAmblin Entertainment, DreamWorks Pictures-71
The Shawshank Redemption1994Frank DarabontCastle Rock Entertainment-72
In the Heat of the Night1967Norman JewisonThe Mirisch Corporation-75
All the President's Men1976Alan J. PakulaWildwood Enterprises-77
Spartacus1960Stanley KubrickBryna Productions-81
Sunrise1927F.W. MurnauFox Film Corporation-82
Titanic1997James CameronLightstorm Entertainment, Paramount Pictures-83
A Night at the Opera1935Sam WoodMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer-85
12 Angry Men1957Sidney LumetOrion-Nova Productions-87
The Sixth Sense1999M. Night ShyamalanHollywood Pictures-89
Swing Time1936George StevensRKO Radio Pictures-90
Sophie's Choice1982Alan J. PakulaITC Entertainment-91
The Last Picture Show1971Peter BogdanovichBBS Productions-95
Do the Right Thing1989Spike Lee40 Acres and a Mule Filmworks-96
Blade Runner1982Ridley ScottThe Ladd Company, Shaw Brothers-97
Toy Story1995John LasseterWalt Disney Pictures, Pixar Animation Studios-99

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